It can be very handy to be able to login to an SSH shell without supplying a password. Here's how.
Firstly, on your client machine, generate a keypair. If you are using Windows you can do this using PuTTYgen. If you are on a Nix machine issue:
ssh-keygen -t dsa
Next up, we need to copy the public key to the server. If you are on Linux you can use scp to do this:
cd .ssh/ scp id_dsa.pub firstname.lastname@example.org:./id_dsa.pub
If you are on Windows you could use sftp or similar to transfer the key across. You should end up with a file called id_dsa.pub in your home directory on the server.
Now, on the server, with your regular user account:
cd .ssh touch authorized_keys2 chmod 600 authorized_keys2 cat ../id_dsa.pub >> authorized_keys2 rm ../id_dsa.pub
Now, on Windows fire up a PuTTY session specifying the private key under SSH -> Auth. On Nix, simply give:
ssh -l server_user_name server.address
With any luck, you will be sorted for password-less login!